St. Robert Bellarmine’s Classification of the Five Historical Opinions on the Question of the Deposition of a Pope for Heresy – Fr. Paul Kramer

1) That the pope simply cannot become a formal heretic, and therefore cannot be deposed for heresy.
2) That a pope who even internally falls into formal heresy is immediately deposed by God and ceases to be pope.
3) That a pope who is even a manifest heretic is not deposed ipso facto and cannot be deposed by the Church.
4) That a manifest heretic does not fall from the pontificate by himself ipso facto, but must be judged by the Church to fall from office.
5) That a manifest heretic ceases by himself to be pope ipso facto, for which reason he may be judged and punished by the Church.

Kramer, Paul. On the true and the false pope: The case against Bergoglio (p. 49). Gondolin Press. Kindle Edition.

With which one do you agree?

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